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Carlos Gomes, The New World Composer: 5,000 Cruzeiros (Brazil, 1993)-Article

This Brazilian banknote represents 5th denomination of the Third Cruzeiro (Series 1990-93). The Third Cruzeiro was preceded by the short-lived Cruzado Novo. Which circulated from 15 January 1989 and 15 March 1990. Both the Cruzado Novo and Third Cruzeiro were of equal value. As the currency was simply renamed. Making the change itself logistically questionable.

Notably the first 3 denominations of the Series 1990-93, are based on renamed Cruzado Novo notes. The remaining denominations mostly featured unique portraits of famous Brazilian. Although due to rampant inflation the Third Cruzeiro was replaced by the equally short lived Cruzeiro Real. The exchange rate was 1,000 Cruzeiros to 1 Cruzeiro Real.


The observe features a portrait of composer Antônio Carlos Gomes (1836-1896). Who is consider the first composer from the Americas, to gain acclaim in Europe. His contemporaries were the "golden age" opera composers Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, and Franz Liszt. To right are statues, representing O Guarani, Salvador Rosa, and O Escravo. Which are characters from his greatest operas.

The note's header is off-set to the upper-left. It reads, the (trans.) "Central Bank of Brazil". Notably the second "O" (DO) aligns with a faint security thread. Below the header is one of the note's dual-serial numbers (A 6017054829 A). The second number can be seen at the lower-right.

At the lower-left is a large number "5 000". Its (trans.) " Five Thousand Cruzeiro" text value is listed to the left. A second number "5 000" can be seen at the upper-right. Some distance below is a pair of signatures, representing the Minister of Finance (top) and Central Bank President (bottom).

Above these signatures is a "tuning fork" registration element. Backlighting the note with bright light, will complete the light puzzle effect. Doing so will also expose a mirrored image of "República", opposite of the "tuning fork". The remainder of the observe features a color-shifting underprint. It shifts from a tan (at the center) to light blue.


The reverse depicts the Carlos Gomes Statue, outside the Municipal Theater of São Paulo. It's part of a large memorial, which also features the statues seen on the observe. To the right is an ornate Coat of Arms, representing the City of São Paulo. The positive for the observe side registration element can be seen, at the upper left.

Similar to the observe, the reverse has number "5 000"s at its upper-right and lower-left corners. Although the text value now features a decorative backing. It extends across the note, into the watermark area. The before mentioned security thread roughly aligns, with the letter "I" in "Mil" (Thousand).

Some blue and red iridescent fibers can be seen on the note's unprinted sections.

Third Cruzeiro Gallery

(Gallery will be updated as more banknotes are databased)


Additional Notes

  • This note's dimensions are 140 x 65 mm or 5.51 x 2.56 in, slightly smaller than a US Dollar.

  • The preferable method to preserve this note are standard sized protective sleeves.

  • The Cruzado Novo ISO code was BRN, it used NCz$ as its official symbol.

  • The 3rd Cruzeiro ISO code was BRE, it used Cr$ as its official symbol.

  • Both the Cruzado Novo and 3rd Cruzeiro were sub-divided into 100 Centavos.

  • The coins of both the Cruzado Novo and 3rd Cruzeiro were used in circulation.

  • The Centavo denominated coins of the Cruzado Novo were retained, while the 3rd Cruzeiro coins were issued in full Cruzeiro denominations.

  • The unissued 1 Cruzado Novo coin is known as the "Cruz de Cristo" (Christ's Cross).

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