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Domingos Ramos, The Fallen Revolutionary: 100 Pesos (Guinea-Bissau, 1990)-Article

Updated: Apr 18, 2022

This Guinea-Bissauan banknote represents the 2nd denomination of the Guinea-Bissau Peso (Series 1990). The now obsolete Peso circulated from 1975 to 1997, replacing the colonial Portuguese Guinean Escudo at par (1:1). The Peso circulated in 3 separate series, issued in 1975, 1983, and 1990. The final 2 series share a similar design, although differ in their color-coding.

In 1997, the Guinea-Bissau Peso was replaced by the West African CFA Franc. The exchange rate was 65 Peso to 1 Franc. While the Franc has since remained the currency of Guinea-Bissau Peso. In 2019, a CFA Franc replacement called the Eco was proposed. (This note will be reviewed reverse first)


The observe features a portrait of revolutionary Domingos Ramos (1935-1966). Prior to joining the anti-colonial PAIGC, Ramos was drafted into the Portuguese army. He defected in 1959, after the Pidjiguiti Massacre. As a commander he was noted for his charisma and leadership. He died on 10 November 1966, in Madina do Boé (city). While leading an assault against a Portuguese fortification.

The header reads, the (trans.) "Central Bank of Guinea-Bissau". Below is the note's tapered serial number (BA665922) and "Hundred Pesos" face value. Below is the note's "1 March 1990" print date. Followed by a pair of signatures, representing the Bank Governor and Vice Governor. The footer lists the printer as "Thomas De La Rue Company, Limited".

Moving to the left is an illustration of a wooden fertility idol. At the far left is a sequence of five number "100"s. The underprint below them features micro text, it repeats "BANCO CENTRAL DA GUINE-BISSAU", in sequence.

An additional number "100" can be be seen at the upper-right corner. While below is the Guinea-Bissau Coat of Arms and a "flame" registration element above it. Just as the far left, the underprint repeats (trans.) "Central Bank of Guinea-Bissau" in sequence.

Notably UV light will cause the note to glow blue. The center of the note (with exception of some triangles, at the center) will glow florescent yellow. The serial number has it's own UV sensitive ink and glow florescent orange. Notably exposure and age may cause the number to fade.


The reverse features the National Bank building, in Bissau. The city of Bissau is the largest in Guinea-Bissau and serves as the capital. The Central Bank of Guinea-Bissau was solely responsible for monetary policy of the nation. During the period of the Guinea-Bissau Peso's circulation. Although with the adoption of the CFA Franc in 1997. The bank's overall autonomy has become limited.

The header reads, the (trans.) "Central Bank of Guinea-Bissau". On the notes corners are number "100"s representing the note's value. At the lower-left of the bank is the text "Cem Pesos", repeating the note's 100 Peso value. To its right is a counterfeit warning. It reads (trans.) "The law punishes the counterfeiter".

Moving toward the lower-left, is an "aquamarine flame". This flame forms the positive of the note's beforementioned registration element. Backlighting the note from the reverse completes the element. Additionally four small "sawtooth" elements can be seen along the sides. These "sawtooth" elements are paired with unprinted sections on the observe.

Exposing the note to ultraviolet light, will reveal a hidden security thread. The security thread aligns with the letter "B", on the word "Bissau" (header). It can be made out by its lighter shade of blue.

Ultraviolet Gallery

Guinea-Bissau Peso Gallery

(Gallery contains all banknotes of the 1990 Guinea-Bissau Peso)


Additional Notes

  • This note's dimensions are 125 x 63 mm or 4.92 x 2.48 in, smaller than a US Dollar.

  • The preferable method to preserve this note are standard size protective sleeves.

  • The Paraguayan Guaraní ISO code is PGY, it uses as its official symbol.

  • In theory, the Guaraní is subdivided into 100 Céntimos, modern coins are in Guaraní values.

  • The CFA is a French institution which provides monetary services for France's former African colonies, via the French treasury.

  • The West African CFA Franc is the currency of 8 nations: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo.

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