Updated: Mar 13
This Yugoslavian banknote represents the 1st denomination of the “Federation Dinar" (Series 1955). The Federation Dinar was the post-WWII currency of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945-1965. The FPR Yugoslavia created partisan General Josip Tito (1892-1980), uniting the former territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
The Federation Dinar was created by consolidating the Serbian Dinar and Croatian Kuna. The exchange rate was 20 Dinar/40 Kuna to 1 Federation Dinar. While initially pegged 50 Dinar to 1 US Dollar. The Federation Dinar steadily lost value, leading to its eventual replacement.
On 1 January 1966, the Federation Dinar was replaced by the Hard Dinar.
The observe depicts a young woman in traditional dress, on the Adriatic coast. The header to the right is printed in Croatian. It reads (trans.) "National Bank" and "Federal Peoples' Republic Yugoslavia". Notably this replaced by multilingual text in the later "Hard Dinar". They featured text in Serbian, Slovenian, and Macedonia.
Below the header is a large number "100" and quad text, which is read in combination with the number "100". Moving first to last the text alternates from Serbian, Croatian, Slovenia, and Macedonia. Thus repeating the note's 5 Dinara face value, in all major national languages.
The text below the number "100" states this note was printed in 1955, in the city of Belgrade (Beograd). Besides this are signatures, representing the Bank Governor and Chairman of the Broad. The note's red inked serial number can easily be seen further below, it reads "XF 420596".
At the footer is fine text, it reads "Zavod Za Izradu Novčanica-FNRJ". Representing the note's printer (ZIN), which was headquartered in Belgrade. ZIN was the printer all banknotes, issued by the National Bank of Yugoslavia.
The reverse features a sky view of historical Dubrovnik, which covers the note's center. Above and below the illustration are the native names of the constitute republics of the Federal Peoples' Republic Yugoslavia. While the Federal Peoples' Republic Yugoslavia listed in the 4 national languages above and below this text. The languages are Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, and Macedonian.
Flanking the illustration are 6 floral guilloché patterns, 3 on each side. The corner guilloché patterns feature a number "100" at their center. While the center-left and right patterns list the note's (trans) "Hundred Dinara" value, in 2 of the 4 national languages. The left-side pattern features Serbian and Slovenian text. While the right side features Croatian and Macedonian text.
There is counterfeit warning at the footer, it translates to "Forgery is punishable by law". It repeats this warning in all 4 major national languages.
Federation Dinar Gallery
(Gallery is currently incomplete, will be updated as new banknotes are databased)
This note's dimensions are 127 x 60 mm or 5.00 x 2.36 in, smaller than a US Dollar.
The preferable method to preserve this note are standard sized protective sleeves.
The Federation Dinar ISO code was YUM, it used both din. and дин as symbols.
The Federation Dinar was subdivided into 100 Para, coins were in Para and Dinar values.