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Flowers And Birds Of Indonesia: 25 Rupiah (Indonesia, 1959)-Article

Updated: Mar 15, 2022

This colorful Indonesian banknote represents the 3rd denomination of the 4th Series Rupiah. Also know as the "Flowers and Birds" series. The notes of this colorful series features the native flowers and birds of Indonesia. They were produced by world renown British printer Thomas De La Rue (TDLR). These notes were replaced by Indonesian produced "Handicraft" Series (1959-1961).

Due to their age and impressive artwork, completing this series can be relatively costly. With prices generally rising at the higher denominations. The uncirculated 100, 500, 1,000 Rupiah are particularly hard to source, at responsible princes.


The observe features a beautiful illustration of Sacred Lotus flowers. The Sacred Lotus is a wide spread species, seen throughout India, East Asia, and Oceania. It's roots and seeds are edible, while its fibers are used to produce lotus silk. In the Buddhist tradition the lotus represents purity of mind, body, and speech. The illustration is off-set left, to make room for the note's watermark area.

Above the note's header reads "Bank Indonesia". Below is a decorative ring around the note's watermark area. The watermark can be revealed by backlighting the note. It features the Garuda Pancasila, the National Emblem of Indonesia. Below the watermark is the note's (trans.) "1 January 1959" print date.

Moving toward the note's bottom is a pair of signatures. The left represents the Bank Governor (Gubenur), while the right represents the Director (Direktor). Along the lower-corners are number "25"s representing the note's 25 Rupiah value. The lower-right forms the origin of an elaborate design, spanning the lower potion of the note.

An additional number "25" can be seen at the upper-right. Nearby is the text "Twenty Five Rupiah", repeating the note's beforementioned value. Above this text is one of the note's dual-serial numbers (25LBG08635). The second number can be seen printed on the lotus illustration.

At the footer the note's printer is listed, as "Thomas De La Rue & Company, Limited".


The reverse feature a pair of Eastern Great Egrets, framing a group of traditional Minahasan houses. The watermark area is skillfully used to represent the rising sun. The Eastern Great Egret is widespread amongst the wetlands of India, Southeast Asia, and Oceania. The watermark features the Garuda Pancasila and matches the observe.

Below the illustration is a warning to potential counterfeiters and money launders. Threating offenders with imprisonment. Further below is decorative frame with more ornate framing along the sides. The side frames are designed similar to stone pillars. A number "25" can be seen at the lower-left and upper-right. Resting on a "stone block" and "leaf pattern", respectively.

Ultraviolet Gallery

4th Series Rupiah Gallery

(Gallery will be completed, when more banknotes are databased)


Additional Notes

  • This notes dimensions are 133 x 68 mm or 5.24 x 2.68 in, larger than a US Dollar.

  • The preferable method to preserve this note are large sized protective sleeves.

  • The Indonesian Rupiah ISO code is IDR, it uses Rp as it's official symbol.

  • In theory, the Rupiah is subdivided into 100 Sen, inflation has made it obsolete.

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