The WWII-era Philippine coin represents the 2nd denomination coin of the Peso (US Administration). The observe features a man, with an anvil and hammer. In the background is Mt. Mayon, an active volcano on Luzon Island. The reverse depicts the Commonwealth of the Philippines coat of arms. Coins of this type were minted from 1937-1944.
Similar to most Pesos, the Philippine Peso was subdivided into 100 Centavos.
From 9 April 1942 to 20 October 1944, Imperial Japan occupied the Philippines.
The occupation was met with fierce resistance, from Philippine guerilla forces.
The occupation was broken by General Douglas MacArthur's (1880-1964) landing on Leyte Island, in 17 October 1944.
The Philippine resistance during the Japanese occupation, played a key role in the US granting the Philippines independence.
On 4 July 1946, the Treaty of Manila was signed, creating the Republic of the Philippines.