Mausoleum To The Undefeated Conqueror: 10 Som (Uzbekistan, 1994)-Article

Updated: Jan 24

This colorful Uzbek banknote represents the 4th denomination of the Second Som (Series 1994). The Second Som was introduced on 1 July 1994. It was preceded by the transitional First Som, which replaced the Soviet Ruble at par (1:1), on November 15, 1993. The exchange rate was a substantial 1,000 "Old" to 1 "New Som. Due to high inflation of the post-1991 Soviet Ruble.

Notably the banknotes of the Series 1994 are highly ornate. Although follow a basic format, with the National Emblem on the observe. While the reverse depicts one of Uzbekistan's famous landmark. This practice continued until the adoption of the current Series 2021.


The observe depicts the National Emblem of Uzbekistan. It features the mythical Khumo, a large bird said to endlessly soar above the earth. The Khumo is said to be compassionate and a bringer of good fortune. Making it somewhat similar to the ancient Chinese Fenghuang.

The observe can be divided into 3 district sections, with the center forming the core. The underprint in designed in the Turko-Persian style, featuring floral embellishments. At the center is an 8-pointed star, representing the Islamic Rub el Hizb. It's use is fairly common in Central Asian flags.

Beneath the National Emblem is the text "10 ЎН СЎМ", representing the note's 10 So'm face value. The note header above reads (trans.) "Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan". While the footer below reads (trans.), "The Uzbek So‘m must be accepted at face value, for all payments in the republic".

To the note's left is an elaborate mosaic, featuring a Rub el Hizb pattern. At its top is one of the note's dual-serial numbers, it reads "LS4605119". To the far-right is the note's watermark area. At the top of the watermark area is an ornate frame. It feature a subtle unprinted area, which functions as part of a registration element. Backlighting it fills in this unprinted space.

Below the note's "1994" print date be seen above an ornate frame. This frame It features a stylized number "10", resting on a light blue backing. The note's second serial number can be seen overprinted over the bottom of the frame.

The note's watermark depicts the National Emblem of Uzbekistan.


The reverse depicts Gur-e-Amir (Tomb of the King), the mausoleum of conqueror Timur. It's design was a precursor to later Mughal mausoleums, such as the Taj Mahal. It was initially built for Timur's grandson Muhammad Sultan. Although due to Timur's death in 1405, while on campaign. It was decided to intern his remains in Gur-e-Amir. After which it became the crypt of the Timurid dynasty.

Surrounding the illustration are some additional details. The note's (trans.) "10 Ten So'm value is listed at the upper left corner. There is also a small counterfeit warning at the illustration's footer. It reads (trans.), "Counterfeiting of the Uzbek So‘m is prosecuted in accordance to the law". A decorative pair of number "10"s, can be seen besides it.

An additional number "10" can be seen on the lower-left corner. It rests on an elaborate backing, its style resembles illustration's frame. At the upper-left corner is an elaborate embellishment. Its purple sections form the positive of the observe registration element.

1994 Second Som Gallery

(Gallery contains all Series 1994 banknotes)


Additional Notes

  • This notes dimensions are 142 x 70 mm or 5.59 x 2.76 in, wider than a US Dollar.

  • The preferable method to preserve this note are standard protective sleeves, cut to size.

  • The Second So'm ISO code is UZS, it uses сум as it official symbol.

  • The Second So'm is subdivided into 100 Tyin, although inflation has made it obsolete.

  • Uzbekistan adds new and retires old banknotes based on long-term inflation.

  • Banknotes valued from 1-25 So'm were demonetized, on 1 March 2020.

  • Banknotes valued from 50-100 So'm were demonetized, on 1 July 2019.

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