The Bamberg Horseman: 100 Mark (Weimar Republic, 1920)-Article

This Weimar-era banknote represents the 3rd denomination of the 1st Issue “Papiermark”, or Paper Mark. Formally known as either the “Republic Treasury Notes” or the “Weimar Republic Reichsbanknote”. Papiermark were first issued on 4 August 1914 and have their origin in World War I (1914-1918) Imperial Germany (Kaiserreich, 1871–1918). This particular note was first issued on the 1 November 1920, making it relatively early Papiermark.


On 15 November 1923 Rentenmark was introduced and in theory replaced the Papiermark. Although the last Papiermark were issued, as late as 15 Mar 1924. In 1924 the Weimar Papiermark was fully replaced by the Reichsmark. The Reichsmark circulated from 1924 until 20/23 June 1948, in East and West Germany respectively. (Note: The Rentenmark continued to circulate along side the Reichsmark, throughout its entire history.)


Observe

This banknote is double-side, unlike some Papiermark denominations. Which are single-sided “coupon” style leaflets. The observe features complex geometric patterns and embellishments, unlike some denominations. Such as the before mentioned leaflet Papiermark.


The note's "Hundred Mark" value is expressed at the upper center. Immediately below the primary text list instructions regarding how to redeem the note. Followed by its issue date (1 November 1920) and a number of signatures, representing various banking officials.


Beneath the primary text is a Imperial Eagle, with a white number "100" representing the note's value. Similarly beneath the banking official signatures is a "underprint letter". In this case the note features a large letter "U". This letter works tandem with the note dual serial numbers (J 20296582). Which can be seen at the upper right and lower left.


Returning to the center, the primary text is flanked by 2 statue heads. These heads represent the Bamberg Horseman (Der Bamberger Reiter), a 13th century equestrian statue that decorates Bamberg Cathedral. The famous stature is believed to represent the Saint-King Stephen I of Hungary. Beneath each of the note's Bamberg Horseman is an Imperial Bank Directorate stamp.


Translation

"Imperial Bank Note"
"Hundred Mark"
"The Imperial Bank head office in Berlin, pays against this banknote to the consignor."
"Berlin, The 1 November 1920"
"Imperial Bank Directorate"
(Signatures)
-Primary Text-
"Imperial Bank Directorate"
-Stamps-

Reverse

The reverse is dominated by an ornate multi-layered design, which appears similar to mosaic title. At it's center is a large number "100", below is the text " Mark" and above "RBD". Reassuring the note's 100 mark value and endorsement by the "Reichsbankdirektorium".


This center design is ringed by fine text, outlining a legal warning. Threating any would be counterfeiters and their distributors, with a minimum of 2 years imprisonment. Moving outward from the center are 4 number "100"s, located on corners of the reverse's design. Which partially conceals the note's dual serial numbers (J 20296582).

“Anyone who counterfeits or falsifies banknotes, or distributes counterfeit or falsified banknotes, will be imprisoned for no less than two years.”
-Wrap Around Text-
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